Democratic incumbent President; IL Senator (2004-2008)
We share cross-border drug problem with Mexico
Q: You have supported Mexico's policy against drug trafficking. After 65,000 deaths is it time to consider a change the strategy?
A: What I will be saying to the new President of Mexico when he takes office is that we want to continue cooperation, and
we recognize this is a threat on both sides of the border. We obviously generate a lot of demand for drugs in this country, and guns and cash flow south at the same time as drugs flow north.
Q: How many more people have to die?
A: Well, what we need
to do is to weaken the grip of these drug cartels, and there are a couple of things we can do. The US can focus on drug treatment and prevention, and helping people deal with addiction, making sure that young people are not getting hooked on drugs.
If we can reduce demand, that means less cash flowing into these drug cartels. The other thing that we try to do is to work much more aggressively in preventing the flow of guns and cash down into Mexico. And so interdiction has to work both ways.
Fast & Furious was completely wrongheaded; we've stopped it
Q: The "Fast and Furious" operation allowed 2,000 weapons from the US to Mexico, to get into drug-trafficker hands. Shouldn't Attorney General Eric Holder have known about that?
A: The Fast and Furious program was a field-initiated program begun under
the previous administration. When Eric Holder found out about it, he discontinued it. We assigned an inspector general to do a thorough report that was just issued, confirming that, in fact, Eric Holder did not know about this, that he took prompt
action and the people who did initiate this were held accountable. And the strategy that was pursued, obviously, was completely wrongheaded. Those folks who were responsible have been held accountable.
Q: But if you have nothing to hide then why are
you not releasing papers to this?
A: We've released thousands of papers...
Q: But not all of them.
A: The ones that we don't release typically relate to internal communications that were not related to the actual Fast and Furious operation.
OpEd: More Mexicans killed in Drug War than soldiers in Iraq
There is hardly any international news about the war that is taking thousands of lives every year. In 2009, more Mexicans have been killed than the number of US soldiers who died during Bush's war on Iraq.
The cause of the war in Mexico is the largest market for drugs in the world: the US market. But there is no war going on in US territory between the police and the military fighting the drug-traffickers.
Instead, the war has been exported to Mexico and Central America.
Such a wave of violence and bloodshed is expanding throughout the countries of South America, affecting them to a greater or lesser extent.
Where does the money come from if not from the insatiable US market?
Contrary to Obama's repeated claims that he is quitting smoking, he has continued to smoke regularly, agents say. A week after being sworn in as president, Obama told CNN's Anderson Cooper that he hadn't had a cigarette on the
White House grounds. That left open the possibility that he smokes on the Truman Balcony and in the White House residence and West Wing. Agents say he smokes outside the White House as well.
Source: In the President`s Secret Service, by Ronald Kessler, p.224
, Jun 29, 2009
Look at needle exchange; and expand treatment
Q: D.C. has the highest infection rate. How can we address that?
A: I think it is important that we are targeting HIV/AIDS resources into the communities where we’re seeing the highest growth rates.
That means education and prevention, particularly with young people. It means that we have to look at drastic measure, potentially like needle exchange in order to insure that drug users are not transmitting the disease to each other.
And we’ve got to expand on treatment programs. And all of that is going to cost some money and some time. But again, if we think about the enormous costs of homelessness, or the enormous cost of
HIV/AIDS, over the long term, as people visit emergency rooms, etc. The more we are investing in that ounce of prevention the better off we’re going to be.
Combat Methamphetamine: Meth use has increased 156% nationwide since 1996. Obama has a long record of fighting the meth epidemic. As President, he will continue the fight to rid our communities of meth
and offer support to help addicts heal.
Obama cosponsored legislation that became law to combat the scourge of methamphetamines.
Source: Campaign booklet, “Blueprint for Change”, p. 32-33
, Feb 2, 2008
Expand drug courts; help prisoners with substance abuse
Disparities Continue to Plague Criminal Justice System: African Americans and Hispanics are more than twice as likely as whites to be searched & arrested when stopped by police. Disparities in drug sentencing laws, like
the differential treatment of crack as opposed to powder cocaine, are unfair.
Expand Use of Drug Courts: Obama will give first-time, non-violent offenders a chance to serve their sentence, where appropriate, in the
type of drug rehabilitation programs that have proven to work better than a prison term in changing bad behavior.
Reduce Crime Recidivism by Providing Ex-Offender Support: Obama will provide job training, substance abuse and mental health
counseling to ex-offenders, so that they are successfully re-integrated into society.
Eliminate Sentencing Disparities:The disparity between sentencing crack and powder-based cocaine is wrong and should be completely eliminated.
In 2001, Obama questioned the harsh penalties for drug dealing, noting that selling 15 tablets of Ecstasy was the same class of felony as raping a woman at knifepoint.
In 2002, Obama sponsored an unsuccessful measure to create an employment grant program for edx-criminals, who often return to a life of crime because no one will hire them.
Source: The Improbable Quest, by John K. Wilson, p.146-147
, Oct 30, 2007
Not first candidate to use drugs, but first honest about it
One issue that exposed the disconnect between Obama’s appeal & the conventional wisdom of an older generation is his drug use. The Washington Post focused on his use of drugs as a teen that he reveals in his book, Dreams from My Father: “Pot had helped,
and booze; maybe a little blow when you could afford it. Not smack though.”
Obama’s honesty in addressing the issue reflects a generational change in politics. Most voters no longer care about youthful drug use; they’re worried about having an honest
person in the White House. In 1992, Bill Clinton answered a question about his drug use by saying he had tried marijuana, but “didn’t inhale.” When asked, “Did you inhale?” Obama replied, “That was the point.” Obama was making fun of old-style politician
who thought they could fool the voters.
Obama is almost certainly isn’t the first person to use cocaine and then run for president. But he is the first presidential candidate honest enough to talk about the troubles of his youth.
The teenage years mark a period of rebellion for males, and Obama’s racial turmoil only exacerbated those natural feelings. He was always a solid B student, but by his senior year, he was slacking off in his schoolwork in favor of basketball, beach time
parties. He also, as he described it later, “dabbled in drugs and alcohol.” He would buy a six-pack of Heineken after school and polish off the bottles while shooting baskets. He also smoked marijuana and experimented with snorting cocaine but demurred
from heroin when he said a drug supplier seemed far too eager to have him experience it. Later, Obama noted that white kids, Hawaiian kids and wealthy kids also turn to drugs to soothe whatever causes them pain.
His grandmother recalled that she and he
husband discussed Barry’s declining grades and grew concerned about his possible drug use and overall lack of direction. Obama, however, questioned his elderly grandmother’s memory, [claiming it] was a very transitory period in his life.
There was a reason besides personal privacy why Obama had been so resistant to my presence [while preparing this book]: Obama was a secret smoker--and he did not want to light up in front of a reporter.
Some politicians are comfortable smoking in front of the media or in public, while others believe the habit will reflect poorly on their public image. Obama was in the latter group, almost to an obsessive degree.
The public portrait of
Obama now bordered on saintly, especially for a politician. Learning that he smoked might tarnish this picture. So Obama went to great lengths to conceal the habit.
It really came as no surprise to me that Obama smoked. His wife mentioned in our
interview that Obama had a cigarette dangling from his lips on their first lunch together. He had written in Dreams from My Father about smoking in the college dorms. But most telling, like most smokers, he occasionally smelled of tobacco.
Smokes cigarettes now; smoked some pot in high school
[Some pundits question how well Obama’s] brand of popularity will hold up when voters learn more about him, such as the fact that he’s a smoker. That meant cigarettes, -- Obama, trying to quit, is down to puffing three a day. But when Jay
Leno asked him in Dec. 2006 if he smoked, he was talking not about Marlboros but about pot. “Not recently--that was in high school,” Obama responded. “Did you inhale?” Leno said, alluding to bill Clinton’s famous dodge. “That was the point,” Obama said.
Source: Hopes and Dreams, by Steve Dougherty, p. 29-32
, Feb 15, 2007
Admitted marijuana use in high school & college
Long before he was in the national media spotlight, Barack Obama had this to say about himself: “Junkie. Pothead. That’s where I’d been headed: the final, fatal role of the young would-be black man... I got high [to] push questions of who
I was out of my mind.” Obama’s revelations were not an issue during his Senate campaign two years ago. But now his open narrative of early, bad choices, including drug use starting in high school and ending in college, are sure to receive new scrutiny.
Source: Lois Romano, Washington Post, p. A1
, Jan 3, 2007
Deal with street-level drug dealing as minimum-wage affair
We need to tackle the nexus of unemployment and crime in the inner city. The conventional wisdom is that most unemployed inner-city men could find jobs if they really wanted to work; that they inevitably prefer drug dealing, with its attendant risks but
potential profits, to the low-paying jobs that their lack of skill warrants. In fact, economists who’ve studied the issue--and the young men whose fates are at stake--will tell you that the costs and benefits of the street life don’t match the popular
mythology: At the bottom or even the middle ranks of the industry, drug dealing is a minimum-wage affair. For many inner-city men, what prevents gainful employment is not simply the absence of motivation to get off the streets but the absence of a job
history or any marketable skills--and, increasingly, the stigma of a prison record.
We can assume that with lawful work available for young men now in the drug trade, crime in any community would drop.
Junkie. That’s where I’d been headed: the final, fatal role of the young would-be black man. Except the highs hadn’t been about me trying to prove what a down brother I was. Not by then, anyway. I got high for just the opposite effect, something that
could push questions of who I was out of my mind, something that could flatten out the landscape of my heart, blur the edges of my memory. I had discovered that it didn’t make any difference whether you smoked reefer in the white classmate’s sparkling
new van, or in the dorm room of some brother you’d met down at the gym, or on the beach with a couple of Hawaiian kids who had dropped out of school and now spent most of their time looking for an excuse to brawl. You might just be bored, or alone.
Everybody was welcome into the club of disaffection. And if the high didn’t solve whatever it was that was getting you down, it could at least help you laugh at the world’s ongoing folly and see through all the hypocrisy and bullshit and cheap moralism.
End harsher sentencing for crack vs. powder cocaine.
Obama co-sponsored ending harsher sentencing for crack vs. powder cocaine
A bill to target cocaine kingpins and address sentencing disparity between crack and powder cocaine.
Sponsor's introductory remarks: Sen. Biden: My bill will eliminate the current 100-to-1 disparity [between sentencing for crack vs. powder cocaine] by increasing the 5-year mandatory minimum threshold quantity for crack cocaine to 500 grams, from 5 grams, and the 10-year threshold quantity to 5,000 grams, from 50 grams, while maintaining the current statutory mandatory minimum threshold quantities for powder cocaine. It will also eliminate the current 5-year mandatory minimum penalty for simple possession of crack cocaine, the only mandatory minimum sentence for simple possession of a drug by a first time offender.
Drug use is a serious problem, and I have long supported strong antidrug legislation. But in addition to being tough, our drug laws should be rational and fair. My bill achieves the right balance. We have talked about the need to address this cocaine sentencing disparity for long enough. It is time to act.
Increases the amount of a controlled substance or mixture containing a cocaine base (i.e., crack cocaine) required for the imposition of mandatory minimum prison terms for crack cocaine trafficking to eliminate the sentencing disparity between crack and powder cocaine.
Eliminates the five-year mandatory minimum prison term for first-time possession of crack cocaine.
Increases monetary penalties for drug trafficking and for the importation and exportation of controlled substances.
Related bills: H.R.79, H.R.460, H.R.4545, S.1383, S.1685.
Source: Drug Sentencing Reform & Kingpin Trafficking Act (S.1711) 07-S1711 on Jun 27, 2007
Require chemical resellers to certify against meth use.
Obama co-sponsored requiring chemical resellers to certify against meth use
Sen. FEINSTEIN: This act is designed to address problems that the Drug Enforcement Administration, DEA, has identified in the implementation of the Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act of 2005. The bill that I introduce today would:
clarify that all retailers, including mail order retailers, who sell products that contain chemicals often used to make methamphetamine--like ephedrine, pseudoepedrine and phenylpropanolamine--must self-certify that they have trained their personnel and will comply with the Combat Meth Act's requirements;
require distributors to sell these products only to retailers who have certified that they will comply with the law;
require the DEA to publish the list of all retailers who have filed self-certifications, on the DEA's website;
and clarify that any retailer who negligently fails to file self-certification as required, may be subject to civil fines and penalties.
The Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act that we passed last year has been a resounding success. The number of methamphetamine labs in the United States has declined dramatically now that the ingredients used to make methamphetamine are harder to get. Fewer meth labs means more than just less illegal drug production. In 2003, 3,663 children were reported exposed to toxic meth labs nationwide--but so far this year, the number of exposed children is only 319.
This is a common-sense bill, designed to strengthen the implementation of the Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act. This bill would create incentives to ensure that the self-certification process of the law is made both effective and enforceable. I urge my colleagues to support this legislation.