Republicans: Support Alaska oil and gas drilling. Repeal stream pollution limits on coal mining companies. Repealed rule that made mines monitor water quality in nearby streams and restore them once mining is complete,
calling it overly costly regulation.
Democrats: Support Paris Climate Agreement. House voted to require U.S. to stay in the Paris Agreement beyond 2020 and fulfill its obligations. Oppose offshore drilling.
Source: CampusElect on 2020 Major Party positions
, Aug 30, 2020
1992: supported cap-and-trade; 2019: oppose it
In 1989, President Bush sent his secretary of state, James Baker, to the UN's first annual meeting on climate change. In 1992 his final year in office, Bush submitted the United Nations Framework convention on Climate Change, the first-ever global
treaty to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to the secretary for ratification, and the treaty was indeed ratified through a two-thirds vote. The vote included ayes by Mitch McConnell and Trent Lott, neither of them known as a starry-eyed tree hugger.
There are many remarkable facts about this period, especially from today's perspective. For one, Washington actually functioned. When some of the left proposed command-and-control regulation of industry, Republicans countered with ideas like
cap-and-trade, a market based approach that allows firms to buy and sell pollution credits (an idea many Republicans now oppose and a classic example of how political winds have shifted).
All estimates of America's oil and natural gas reserves indicate an incredible bounty for the use of many generations to come. We should be pursuing our oil and gas resources both on and offshore. It is nonsensical to spurn real job creation by putting
almost all of our coastal waters off limits to energy exploration, while urging other nations to explore their coasts. We call for a reasoned approach to all offshore energy development, and support the right of States to a reasonable share of the
resulting revenue and royalties. We support opening the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) for energy development and ending the current Administration's moratorium on permitting; opening the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife
Refuge (ANWR) for exploration and production of oil and natural gas; and allowing for more oil and natural gas exploration on federal land. We support this development in accordance with applicable environmental, health and safety laws, and regulations.
Republicans are committed to meeting the challenge of long-term global climate change by relying on markets and new technologies to improve energy efficiency. These efforts will help reduce emissions over time while allowing the economy to grow.
Our President and our Party strongly oppose the Kyoto Protocol and similar mandatory carbon emissions controls that harm economic growth and destroy American jobs.
Source: 2004 Republican Party Platform, p. 71
, Sep 1, 2004
Provide tax incentives for energy production
America needs a national energy strategy:
Increase domestic supplies of coal, oil, and natural gas.
Provide tax incentives for production.
Promote environmentally responsible exploration and development of oil and gas reserves on
federally-owned land, including the Coastal Plain of Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
Offer a degree of price certainty.
Advance clean coal technology.
Expand the tax credit for renewable energy sources.
Source: Republican Platform adopted at GOP National Convention
, Aug 12, 2000
Treat energy as source of prosperity, not pollution source.
Party signed treating energy as source of prosperity, not pollution source
Affordable, reliable energy makes our lives--and our economy--better. It keeps our bills low, keeps jobs here at home, and keeps us secure in a dangerous world. Washington sees it differently: Our regulators act as if energy is primarily a source of pollution, not jobs or prosperity. They try to keep our resources in the ground, needlessly delaying projects for years and letting our energy infrastructure grow old. Most of our gas transmission and gathering pipelines predate 1970.It doesn't have to be all-or-nothing. There is a better way. We can and should strike a balance between economic growth and environmental stewardship. Efforts to reduce pollution should achieve real benefits for the environment and be compatible with real benefits for our economy.
Our plan includes ideas to:
Connect the boom to consumers and companies by cutting through the clutter of the permitting process and accelerating the development of our infrastructure to secure reliable and affordable energy for years to come.
Produce more of our own energy resources by rewriting the Five-Year Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) and Natural Gas Leasing Plan to foster responsible offshore energy production, and making it so leases can be added to existing plans, meaning a more agile approach in response to market dynamics and national needs.
Give states greater control of federal land by empowering states to petition for more economic activity on lands within their borders, and giving them the opportunity to manage those lands in accordance with our laws.
End needless project delays by allowing agencies to make broader use of data from states and independent sources for environmental impact studies.
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