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    This page contains excerpts from government reports, signed by elected officials.

17LTR-EMOL on May 18, 2017

Report: questioning Trump on Emoluments clause
Source: Letter from 17 Senators
Excerpts from Letter from 17 Senators to Trump Organization: The Trump Organization's continuing financial relationship with President Trump raises concerns about whether it is a pass-through for income that violates the Constitution's two Emoluments Clauses: Article I, Section 9, Clause 8 on foreign Emoluments; and Article II, Clause 7 on domestic Emoluments. Please answer the following questions to help Congress understand:
  • When the Trump Organization receives income from a government agency, how is that income segregated & reported?
  • How does the Trump Organization determine if income is derived from foreign governments?
  • Trump promised to "donate all profits from foreign government payments made to his hotels to the US Treasury." Has the Trump Organization created a mechanism to make such payments?
  • What is the estimated value of the 38 Chinese trademarks recently awarded to the Trump Organization? And the reported 157 pending trademark applications in 36 countries?

Legal Analysis: (Cato Institute, "Emoluments Clause vs. Trump Empire," 11/29/16): The wording of the Emoluments clause points one way to resolution: Congress can give consent, as it did in the early years of the Republic to presents received by Ben Franklin. It can decide what it is willing to live with in the way of Trump conflicts. If it misjudges public opinion, it will pay a political price at the next election.

FOIA argument: (ACLU Center for Democracy, "FOIA Request," 1/19/17): We filed our first Freedom of Information Act request of the Trump Era, seeking documents relating President Trump's conflicts of interest relating to his business connections. When Trump took the oath of office, he didn't take the steps necessary to ensure that he and his family's business interests comply with the Constitution. Some have even argued that upon taking the oath of office, the new president is already violating the Emoluments Clause. Also see opposing legislation H.R.3865 and Senate legislation S.2011 about targeting the Tea Party

  • Topic: Principles & Values
  • Headline: Question Trump on Emoluments clause

  • Key for participation codes:
  • Sponsorships: p=sponsored; o=co-sponsored; s=signed
  • Memberships: c=chair; m=member; e=endorsed; f=profiled; s=scored
  • Resolutions: i=introduced; w=wrote; a=adopted
  • Cases: w=wrote; j=joined; d=dissented; c=concurred
  • Surveys: '+' supports; '-' opposes.

Democrats participating in 17LTR-EMOL

Alma Adams s1sNorth Carolina Democratic House Member 
Pete Aguilar s1sCalifornia Democratic House Member 
Karen Bass s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Joyce Beatty s1sOhio Democrat 
Michael Bennet s1sCO Democratic candidate for President; Colorado Senator 
Don Beyer s1sVirginia Democratic House Member 
Earl Blumenauer s1sOregon Democrat 
Richard Blumenthal s2pCT Democratic Sr Senator 
Suzanne Bonamici s1sOregon Democrat 
Cory Booker s1sNJ Democratic Jr Senator 
Brendan Boyle s1sPennsylvania Democratic House Member 
Robert Brady s1sPennsylvania Democrat 
Anthony Brown s1sMaryland Democrat 
Julia Brownley s1sCalifornia Democrat 
G.K. Butterfield s1sNorth Carolina Democrat 
Maria Cantwell s1sWA Democratic Jr Senator 
Michael Capuano s1sMA Former Democratic Primary Senate Challenger (2009) 
Salud Carbajal s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Tony Cardenas s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Benjamin Cardin s1sMaryland Democrat 
Tom Carper s1sDE Democratic Sr Senator 
Andre Carson s1sIndiana Democrat 
Kathy Castor s1sFlorida Democrat 
Joaquin Castro s1sTexas Democrat 
Judy Chu s1sCalifornia Democrat 
David Cicilline s1sRhode Island Democrat 
Katherine Clark s1sMassachusetts Democrat 
Yvette Clarke s1sNew York Democrat 
William Lacy Clay s1sMissouri Democrat 
Emmanuel Cleaver s1sMissouri Democrat 
James Clyburn s1sSouth Carolina Democrat 
Steve Cohen s1sTennessee Democrat 
Bonnie Watson Coleman s1sNew Jersey Democratic House Member 
Gerry Connolly s1sVirginia Democrat 
John Conyers s2pMichigan Democrat 
Chris Coons s1sDE Democratic Jr Senator 
Jim Cooper s1sTennessee Democrat 
Catherine Cortez Masto s1sNV Democratic Senate candidate 
Joseph Crowley s1sNew York Democrat 
Elijah Cummings s1sMaryland Democrat 
Danny Davis s1sIllinois Democrat 
Susan Davis s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Peter Defazio s1sOregon Democrat 
Diana DeGette s1sColorado Democrat 
John Delaney s1sMaryland Democrat 
Rosa DeLauro s1sConnecticut Democrat 
Suzan DelBene s1sWashington Democrat 
Mark DeSaulnier s1sCalifornia Democratic House Member 
Ted Deutch s1sFlorida Democrat 
Debbie Dingell s1sMichigan Democratic House Member 
Lloyd Doggett s1sTexas Democrat 
Tammy Duckworth s1sIL Democratic Senate candidate 
Richard Durbin s1sIL Democratic Sr Senator 
Keith Ellison s1sMinnesota Democrat 
Eliot Engel s1sNew York Democrat/Liberal 
Anna Eshoo s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Adriano Espaillat s1sNew York Democrat 
Dwight Evans s1sPennsylvania Democrat 
Bill Foster s1sIllinois Democrat 
Lois Frankel s1sFlorida Democrat 
Al Franken s1sMN Democrat/DFL Jr Senator (resigned 2017) 
Marcia Fudge s1sOhio Democrat 
Tulsi Gabbard s1sHawaii Democrat 
Ruben Gallego s1sArizona Democratic House Member 
John Garamendi s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Kirsten Gillibrand s1sNew York Democrat 
Al Green s1sTexas Democrat 
Gene Green s1sTexas Democrat 
Raul Grijalva s1sArizona Democrat 
Luis Gutierrez s1sIllinois Democrat 
Colleen Hanabusa s1sHawaii Democrat (Senate run 2014) 
Kamala Harris s1sCA Democratic nominee for Vice President; California Senator 
Alcee Hastings s1sFlorida Democrat 
Denny Heck s1sWashington Democrat 
Martin Heinrich s1sNew Mexico Democrat (Senate run 2012) 
Brian Higgins s1sNew York Democrat 
Mazie Hirono s1sHawaii Democrat (Senate run 2012) 
Steny Hoyer s1sMaryland Democrat 
Jared Huffman s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Sheila Jackson Lee s1sTexas Democrat 
Pramila Jayapal s1sWashington Democrat 
Hakeem Jeffries s1sNew York Democrat 
Eddie Bernice Johnson s1sTexas Democrat 
Hank Johnson s1sGeorgia Democrat 
Tim Kaine s1sVA Democratic Challenger 
Marcy Kaptur s1sOhio Democrat 
Robin Kelly s1sIllinois Democrat 
Joe Kennedy III s1sMA Democratic Senate challenger 
Ruben Kihuen s1sNevada Democrat 
Dan Kildee s1sMichigan Democrat 
Derek Kilmer s1sWashington Democrat 
Amy Klobuchar s1sMN Democrat/DFL Sr Senator 
Raja Krishnamoorthi s1sIllinois Democrat 
Annie Kuster s1sNew Hampshire Democrat 
James Langevin s1sRhode Island Democrat 
Rick Larsen s1sWashington Democrat 
Brenda Lawrence s1sMichigan Democratic House Member 
Al Lawson s1sFlorida Democrat 
Patrick Leahy s1sVT Democratic Sr Senator 
Barbara Lee s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Sander Levin s1sMichigan Democrat 
John Lewis s1sGeorgia Democrat 
Ted Lieu s1sCalifornia Democratic House Member 
David Loebsack s1sIowa Democrat 
Zoe Lofgren s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Alan Lowenthal s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Nita Lowey s1sNew York Democrat 
Ben Ray Lujan s1sNew Mexico Democrat 
Michelle Lujan-Grisham s1sNM Democrat 
Carolyn Maloney s1sNew York Democrat/Liberal 
Sean Maloney s1sNew York Democrat 
Doris Matsui s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Betty McCollum s1sMinnesota Democrat 
Donald McEachin s1sVirginia Democrat 
Jerry McNerney s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Gregory Meeks s1sNew York Dem./Working-Families 
Grace Meng s1sNew York Democrat 
Jeff Merkley s1sOR Democratic Jr Senator 
Gwen Moore s1sWisconsin Democrat 
Seth Moulton s1sMA Democratic candidate for President; U.S. Rep from MA-6 
Chris Murphy s1sConnecticut Democrat (Senate run 2012) 
Patty Murray s1sWA Democratic Sr Senator 
Jerrold Nadler s1sNew York Dem./Lib./Working-Families 
Grace Napolitano s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Richard Neal s1sMassachusetts Democrat 
Donald Norcross s1sNew Jersey Democratic House Member 
Frank Pallone s1sNew Jersey Democrat 
Jimmy Panetta s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Bill Pascrell s1sNew Jersey Democrat 
Donald Payne s1sNew Jersey Former Democrat(Deceased 2012) 
Nancy Pelosi s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Ed Perlmutter s1sCO Democratic candidate for Governor 
Scott Peters s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Chellie Pingree s1sMaine Democrat 
Mark Pocan s1sWisconsin Democrat 
Jared Polis s1sCO Democratic candidate for Colorado Governor 
David Eugene Price s1sNorth Carolina Democrat 
Mike Quigley s1sIllinois Democrat 
Jamie Raskin s1sMaryland Democrat 
Jack Reed s1sRI Democratic Sr Senator 
Kathleen Rice s1sNew York Democratic House Member 
Cedric Richmond s1sLouisiana Democrat 
Lisa Blunt Rochester s1sDelaware Democrat 
Dutch Ruppersberger s1sMaryland Democrat 
Bobby Rush s1sIllinois Democrat 
Tim Ryan s1sOH Democratic candidate for President; U.S. Rep from OH-13 
Linda Sanchez s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Bernie Sanders s1sPOTUS Democratic Presidential candidate 
John Sarbanes s1sMaryland Democrat 
Jan Schakowsky s1sIllinois Democrat 
Brian Schatz s1sHI Democratic Jr Senator 
Adam Schiff s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Bobby Scott s1sVirginia Democrat 
Jose Serrano s1sNew York Democrat/Liberal 
Terri Sewell s1sAlabama Democrat 
Carol Shea-Porter s1sNew Hampshire Democrat 
Brad Sherman s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Albio Sires s1sNew Jersey Democrat 
Louise Slaughter s1sNew York Democrat 
David Adam Smith s1sWashington Democrat 
Darren Soto s1sFlorida Democrat 
Jackie Speier s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Mark Takano s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Bennie Thompson s1sMississippi Democrat 
Mike Thompson s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Dina Titus s1sNevada Democrat 
Paul Tonko s1sNew York Democrat 
Norma Torres s1sCalifornia Democratic House Member 
Niki Tsongas s1sMassachusetts Democrat 
Tom Udall s1sNew Mexico Democrat (Senate 2008) 
Chris Van Hollen s1sMaryland Democrat (retiring 2016) 
Juan Vargas s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Marc Veasey s1sTexas Democrat 
Filemon Vela s1sTexas Democrat 
Nydia Velazquez s1sNew York Democrat/Working-Families 
Elizabeth Warren s1sMA Democratic Challenger 
Debbie Wasserman Schultz s1sFlorida Democrat 
Maxine Waters s1sCalifornia Democrat 
Peter Welch s1sVermont Democrat 
Sheldon Whitehouse s1sRI Democratic Jr Senator 
Frederica Wilson s1sFlorida Democrat 
Ron Wyden s1sOR Democratic Sr Senator 
John Yarmuth s1sKentucky Democrat 

Republicans participating in 17LTR-EMOL

Independents participating in 17LTR-EMOL

Eric Swalwell s1sCA Presidential candidate (withdrawn); U.S. Rep from CA-15 

Total recorded by OnTheIssues:

Democrats: 183
Republicans: 0
Independents: 1

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